There are common diseases that children and adolescents may have. Sever’s disease is one of them. He has many symptoms like mild swelling, heel pain and difficulty walking. It usually happens when a child is having a growth outbreak; Therefore, it is known as a growing pain. Sever’s is not like any other disease that has to be treated, but it is more of a common condition that happens in a certain period of life, therefore it has no treatment, but there are useful methods available to limit Sever’s pain.
Sever’s disease occurs when the calcaneal bone, which is the largest bone in the foot, becomes inflamed due to a growth spurt. This inflammation is caused by stress and tension between the growth plate and the rest of the foot bones. There are many reasons why Sever occurs, including narrow tendons of the lower limb and rapid foot growth. This pattern is observed in adolescents most of the time. Poorly adjusted footwear and repeated foot injuries can also cause Sever’s disease to develop. Not only Sever’s affect the heels, but it can also affect other parts of the body such as elbows, knees or hips.
There are many diseases similar to Sever’s disease. They share many similar symptoms, but there are key differences between them. A similar condition is plantar fasciitis, which usually affects adults. This pain in the heel is different from Sever’s disease, since plantar fasciitis is usually the result of a pronation, which occurs because the foot rolls to the instep of the foot, thus aggravating the bones and fascia of the foot . Pain usually occurs when an adult first stands up after a rest period. However, it leaves after walking a little. Sever’s illness happens mainly to children and adolescents between 9 and 15 years. The pain is worse with use, unlike Plantar Fasciitis. Although Sever’s disease is a periodic condition that only reaches children and adolescents who are undergoing its growth, continuous pressure can have long-term consequences. However, the condition disappears after the target part is fully developed. It usually takes two to eight weeks for full growth.
As indicated above, Sever’s disease has no clinical treatment. However, there are ways to make foot growth more flexible and comfortable. An ice pack can bring relief to the foot if it is applied for five to ten minutes each day. The use of properly fitted shoes is also a very important factor in Sever’s treatment. Shoes must have shock absorption stockings to prevent the heels from being exposed to any kind of hard knocks. Giving time to the heels to rest will help them recover and grow quickly. Stretching exercises also help reduce the pain caused by the disease.
When there is a mechanical deformity in the bones of the foot, the orthosis is the best solution. It brings balance to the pointed foot and helps to grow efficiently. Orthopedic support brackets support and cushion the heel when exposed to excessive stress or stress.
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